In recent decades, managing the nation's public and private forests and rangelands has become increasingly complex, requiring a sound understanding of science and science-based tools to address these complexities. The Forest Service (FS) maintains a research and development program (FS R&D) to help provide scientific info. and tools. This report examined: (1) the scope of R&D carried out by FS R&D and some of its resulting accomplishments; (2) trends in resources used in performing FS R&D work and the effects of those trends on its research efforts and priorities; and (3) recent steps FS R&D has taken to improve its ability to fulfill its mission and challenges it faces in doing so. Illus. This is a print on demand report.
In 1992 Congress authorized the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) to implement the Delaware River deepening project, which would deepen the river's shipping channel from 40 to 45 feet. In 2002 a review of the Corps' economic analysis of the project, concluding that it contained significant limitations. It was recommended that the Corps prepare a comprehensive economic reanalysis, which the Corps completed in 2004. This report determined the extent to which: (1) the reanalysis addressed the limitations identified; (2) the reanalysis's benefit projections, as updated, reflect current and anticipated market and industry conditions; and (3) the Corps has accounted for other key issues that could affect the project. Charts and tables.
The number of oil and gas wells on leased fed. land has increased dramatically. To help manage the environmental impacts of these wells, BLM requires oil and gas operators to reclaim disturbed land. BLM requires them to provide a bond before beginning drilling operations. BLM refers to oil and gas wells and leased land that will require reclamation as potential liabilities because BLM may have to pay for reclamation if the operators fail to do so. This report determined: (1) BLM's policies for managing potential federal oil and gas well liability; (2) the extent to which BLM has implemented these policies; and (3) the challenges, if any, BLM faces in managing potential oil and gas well liability. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.
Statement of Anu K. Mittal, Dir., Natural Resources and Environment, GAO. The Nat. Museum of the Am. Indian Act of 1989 (NMAI Act), as amended in 1996, generally requires the Smithsonian Institution to inventory and identify the origins of its Indian and Native Hawaiian human remains and objects placed with them (funerary objects) and repatriate them to culturally affiliated Indian tribes upon request. According to the Smithsonian, two of its museums the American Indian and the Natural History Museums have items that are subject to the NMAI Act. The Native Am. Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), enacted in 1990, includes similar requirements for federal agencies and museums. The National NAGPRA office, within the Dept. of the Interior's National Park Service, facilitates the governmentwide implementation of NAGPRA. Each act requires the establishment of a committee to monitor and review repatriation activities. This testimony focuses on the extent to which key federal agencies have complied with NAGPRA's requirements and the extent to which the Smithsonian has fulfilled its repatriation requirements. Table. This is a print on demand report.
Aquaculture (AQ) -- the raising of fish and shellfish in captivity -- has been confined to near-shore coastal waters or in other water bodies that fall under state regulation. Recently, there has been interest in expanding AQ to offshore waters, which would involve raising fish and shellfish in the open ocean, and consequently bringing these types of operations under fed. regulation. No comprehensive legislative or regulatory framework to manage such an expansion exists. Instead, multiple federal agencies have authority to regulate different aspects of offshore AQ under a variety of laws. This report identifies key issues that should be addressed in the development of an effective regulatory framework for U.S. offshore AQ. Illus.
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' (Corps) civil works mission has grown over the years, while its three-tiered headquarters, division, and district structure has remained the same since it was created in 1893. This report examined for the Civil Works Program: (1) over time, how the Corps has realigned its organization to take into account its changing mission, budget, staffing, and workload; (2) the challenges that the Corps has faced in realigning its organization; and (3) areas where officials and stakeholders believe changes to organizational alignment, if any, could enhance the Corps' civil works mission. Organizational alignment refers to, among other things, changes in structure, roles and responsibilities, and technical and policy guidance. Ill.