The Person 1 Boris Abramovich Trakhtenbrot (????? ????????? ???????????) – his Hebrew given name is Boaz ( ) – is universally admired as a founding - ther and long-standing pillar of the discipline of computer science. He is the ?eld's preeminent distinguished researcher and a most illustrious trailblazer and disseminator. He is unmatched in combining farsighted vision, unfaltering c- mitment, masterful command of the ?eld, technical virtuosity, æsthetic expr- sion, eloquent clarity, and creative vigor with humility and devotion to students and colleagues. For over half a century, Trakhtenbrot has been making seminal contributions to virtually all of the central aspects of theoretical computer science, inaugur- ing numerous new areas of investigation. He has displayed an almost prophetic ability to foresee directions that are destined to take center stage, a decade or morebeforeanyoneelsetakesnotice.Hehasneverbeentempted toslowdownor limithisresearchtoareasofendeavorinwhichhehasalreadyearnedrecognition and honor. Rather, he continues to probe the limits and position himself at the vanguard of a rapidly developing ?eld, while remaining, as always, unassuming and open-minded.
Perhaps the most counterintuitive property of classical logic (as well as of its most famous rival, intuitionistic logic) is the fact that it allows the inference of any proposition from a single pair of contradicting statements. A lot of work and efforts have been devoted over the years to develop alternatives to classical logic that do not have this drawback. Those alternatives are nowadays called `paraconsistent systems', and the corresponding research area --- paraconsistent reasoning. The purpose of this book is to provide a comprehensive methodological presentation of the rich mathematical theory that exists by now concerning the most fundamental part of paraconsistent reasoning: propo...
such questions for centuries (unrestricted by the capabilities of any hard ware). The principles governing the interaction of several processes, for example, are abstract an similar to principles governing the cooperation of two large organisation. A detailed rule based effective but rigid bureaucracy is very much similar to a complex computer program handling and manipulating data. My guess is that the principles underlying one are very much the same as those underlying the other. I believe the day is not far away in the future when the computer scientist will wake up one morning with the realisation that he is actually a kind of formal philosopher! The projected number of volumes for this ...
Here are the proceedings of the Third International Joint Conference on Automated Reasoning, IJCAR 2006, held in Seattle, Washington, USA, August 2006. The book presents 41 revised full research papers and 8 revised system descriptions, with 3 invited papers and a summary of a systems competition. The papers are organized in topical sections on proofs, search, higher-order logic, proof theory, proof checking, combination, decision procedures, CASC-J3, rewriting, and description logic.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Joint Conference on Automated Reasoning, IJCAR 2001, held in Siena, Italy, in June 2001. The 37 research papers and 19 system descriptions presented together with three invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 112 submissions. The book offers topical sections on description, modal, and temporal logics; saturation based theorem proving, applications, and data structures; logic programming and nonmonotonic reasoning; propositional satisfiability and quantified Boolean logic; logical frameworks, higher-order logic, and interactive theorem proving; equational theorem proving and term rewriting; tableau, sequent, and natural deduction calculi and proof theory; automata, specification, verification, and logics of programs; and nonclassical logics.
This is the first volume of a collection of papers in honor of the fiftieth birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau. These 25 papers have been written by internationally distinguished logicians, mathematicians, computer scientists, linguists and philosophers, including Arnon Avron, John Corcoran, Wilfrid Hodges, Laurence Horn, Lloyd Humbertsone, Dale Jacquette, David Makinson, Stephen Read, and Jan Woleński. It is a state-of-the-art source of cutting-edge studies in the new interdisciplinary field of universal logic. The papers touch upon a wide range of topics including combination of logic, non-classical logic, square and other geometrical figures of opposition, categorical logic, set theory, foundation of logic, philosophy and history of logic (Aristotle, Avicenna, Buridan, Schröder, MacColl). This book offers new perspectives and challenges in the study of logic and will be of interest to all students and researchers interested the nature and future of logic.
The Symposium on Logical Foundations of Computer Science series provides a forum for the fast-growing body of work in the logical foundations of computer science, e.g., those areas of fundamental theoretical logic related to computer science. The LFCS series began with “Logic at Botik,” Pereslavl-Zalessky,1989, which was co-organized by Albert R. Meyer (MIT) and Michael Taitslin (Tver). After that, organization passed to Anil Nerode. Currently LFCS is governed by a Steering Committee consisting of Anil Nerode (General Chair), Stephen Cook, Dirk van Dalen, Yuri Matiyasevich, John McCarthy, J. Alan Robinson, Gerald Sacks, and Dana Scott. The 2009 Symposium on Logical Foundations of Compute...
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 6th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2011, held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in June 2011. The 29 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 76 submissions. The scope of topics of the symposium was quite broad and covered basically all areas of the foundations of theoretical computer science.
This volume represents the state of the art for much current research in many-valued logics. Primary researchers in the field are among the authors. Major methodological issues of many-valued logics are treated, as well as applications of many-valued logics to reasoning with fuzzy information. Areas covered include: Algebras of multiple valued logics and their applications, proof theory and automated deduction in multiple valued logics, fuzzy logics and their applications, and multiple valued logics for control theory and rational belief.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Mathematical Knowledge Management, MKM 2004, held in Bialowieza, Poland, in September 2004. The 27 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 48 submissions. Among the topics addressed are mathematics retrieval, formalizing mathematics, formal mathematics, digital mathematical libraries, semantic Web, knowledge repositories, mathematical knowledge representation, theorem proving systems, OWL, proof verification, formal representation, mathematical formulae processing, and the OpenMath project.