This book contains the proceedings of the International Symposium on the Mechanisms of Sexual Reproduction in Animals and Plants, where many plant and animal reproductive biologists gathered to discuss their recent progress in investigating the shared mechanisms and factors involved in sexual reproduction. This now is the first book that reviews recent progress in almost all fields of plant and animal fertilization. It was recently reported that the self-sterile mechanism of a hermaphroditic marine invertebrate (ascidian) is very similar to the self-incompatibility system in flowering plants. It was also found that a male factor expressed in the sperm cells of flowering plants is involved in gamete fusion not only of plants but also of animals and parasites. These discoveries have led to the consideration that the core mechanisms or factors involved in sexual reproduction may be shared by animals, plants and unicellular organisms. This valuable book is highly useful for reproductive biologists as well as for biological scientists outside this field in understanding the current progress of reproductive biology.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the 2nd Luxembourg-Polish Symposium on Security and Trust and the 19th International Conference Intelligent Information Systems, held as International Joint Confererence on Security and Intelligent Information Systems, SIIS 2011, in Warsaw, Poland, in June 2011. The 29 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 60 initial submissions during two rounds of selection and improvement. The papers are organized in the following three thematic tracks: security and trust, data mining and machine learning, and natural language processing.
An emerging field at the interface of biology and engineering, mechanobiology explores the mechanisms by which cells sense and respond to mechanical signals—and holds great promise in one day unravelling the mysteries of cellular and extracellular matrix mechanics to cure a broad range of diseases. Mechanobiology: Exploitation for Medical Benefit presents a comprehensive overview of principles of mechanobiology, highlighting the extent to which biological tissues are exposed to the mechanical environment, demonstrating the importance of the mechanical environment in living systems, and critically reviewing the latest experimental procedures in this emerging field. Featuring contributions f...
This volume tries to summarize the status of observational knowledge of the Kuiper Belt. Its recent discovery has revitalized the astromomical study of the Solar System and is beginning to open new and unexpected windows on the physics of planetesimal accretion. With more and better observational data being obtained at the technological limit of current facilities, a new perception of the relationships that exist among the various classes of small Solar System bodies has emerged. The new observations have also motivated a number of fascinating theoretical studies in Solar System dynamics.
It has become clear to researchers in robotics and adaptive behaviour that current approaches are yielding systems with limited autonomy and capacity for self-improvement. To learn autonomously and in a cumulative fashion is one of the hallmarks of intelligence, and we know that higher mammals engage in exploratory activities that are not directed to pursue goals of immediate relevance for survival and reproduction but are instead driven by intrinsic motivations such as curiosity, interest in novel stimuli or surprising events, and interest in learning new behaviours. The adaptive value of such intrinsically motivated activities lies in the fact that they allow the cumulative acquisition of ...
The two volume set, LNCS 9886 + 9887, constitutes the proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, ICANN 2016, held in Barcelona, Spain, in September 2016. The 121 full papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 227 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: from neurons to networks; networks and dynamics; higher nervous functions; neuronal hardware; learning foundations; deep learning; classifications and forecasting; and recognition and navigation. There are 47 short paper abstracts that are included in the back matter of the volume.
This book features research papers presented at the International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Data Mining and Information Security (IEMIS 2018) held at the University of Engineering & Management, Kolkata, India, on February 23–25, 2018. It comprises high-quality research work by academicians and industrial experts in the field of computing and communication, including full-length papers, research-in-progress papers, and case studies related to all the areas of data mining, machine learning, Internet of Things (IoT) and information security.
This volume describes chemical approaches to assess ion channel structure, function and pharmacology. Topics discussed include the use of engineered ionizable side chains to obtain information on permeation pathways and the local environment; the modification of engineered cysteine side chains, including cysteine scanning mutagenesis and the attachment of fluorescent probes and bio-reactive tethers; and the nascent use of genetic code expansion, evaluating its applications to ion channel and membrane proteins. This comprehensive text provides multifaceted perspectives on the great diversity of state-of-the-art methods which take advantage of the ever-expanding chemical toolbox to study ion c...
This volume offers the first comprehensive study of the law of international crimes as applied by the ad hoc Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. It contains a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the law of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide, as identified by these two tribunals.
This is the first book to provide a broad framework for obtaining an in depth understanding of the state-of-the-art knowledge on abnormalities of non-coding RNAs found to be associated with colorectal cancer pathogenesis. Readers will discover possible mechanisms underlying the substantial roles played by non-coding RNAs in molecular hallmarks of colorectal cancer. This work further provides the comprehensive overview and novel insights into using of non-coding RNAs as colorectal cancer biomarkers enabling early detection of the disease, prognostic stratification of the patients and prediction of therapeutic response. The reader is introduced to the overview of modern non-coding RNAs-based therapeutic strategies, and summary of their preclinical testing performed in colorectal cancer. The work is written for researchers who want to explore current state of the knowledge in this interesting field of molecular oncology.