Fundamentals of Statistics covers topics on the introduction, fundamentals, and science of statistics. The book discusses the collection, organization and representation of numerical data; elementary probability; the binomial Poisson distributions; and the measures of central tendency. The text describes measures of dispersion for measuring the spread of a distribution; continuous distributions for measuring on a continuous scale; the properties and use of normal distribution; and tests involving the normal or student's ‘t’ distributions. The use of control charts for sample means; the ranges and fraction defective; the chi-squared distribution; the F distribution; and the bivariate distributions are also considered. The book deals with the idea of mathematical expectation and its relationship with mean, variance, and covariance, as well as weighted averages, death rates, and time series. Students studying for advanced level education or higher national certificates in Mechanical or Electrical Engineering, Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology, or Pharmacy, as well as university students taking such courses will find the book invaluable.
Excerpts from the journals, letters, and memoirs of the Barton and Jones families of Virginia's Shenandoa Valley provide a firsthand glimpse of ordinary people caught up in the hardships of the Civil War
For many people, entrepreneurship represents an opportunistic stepping-stone to a life of great wealth and independence. Yet the harsh reality is that setting up a small business creates immense risk and unprecedented challenge. Far from deterring people from embarking on such an adventure, Professor Chris Jones provides a superbly authentic survival guide, inspiring new business owners to make intelligent decisions and do the right things. He speaks from experience, but not the type you might imagine. This is no ordinary academic. Having spent over five difficult years building and running an ultimately unsuccessful business, he is ideally positioned to appreciate exactly when and where things can go wrong. Now a successful and respected advocate of good business practice, Prof Jones provides hope that by focusing upon what really matters, almost all new business owners can survive the perilous waters and ride the waves to prosperous safety.
Using detailed examples from Finland, Hungary, Canada and the UK, this book explores relationships between the racialization and discrimination experienced by heterogeneous European Roma populations, and the processes of everyday bordering embedded in state policies and media discourses. In the context of the long histories of discrimination experienced by Roma people across Europe, the chapters engage with changing EU policies, including the recent tensions between inter-European de-bordering and the selective immigration policies introduced as different states react to EU free movement. Employing an intersectional analysis, the authors capture the perspectives of differentially situated pe...