Introduction to Parallel Algorithms and Architectures: Arrays Trees Hypercubes provides an introduction to the expanding field of parallel algorithms and architectures. This book focuses on parallel computation involving the most popular network architectures, namely, arrays, trees, hypercubes, and some closely related networks. Organized into three chapters, this book begins with an overview of the simplest architectures of arrays and trees. This text then presents the structures and relationships between the dominant network architectures, as well as the most efficient parallel algorithms for a wide variety of problems. Other chapters focus on fundamental results and techniques and on rigorous analysis of algorithmic performance. This book discusses as well a hybrid of network architecture based on arrays and trees called the mesh of trees. The final chapter deals with the most important properties of hypercubes. This book is a valuable resource for readers with a general technical background.
This book covers elementary discrete mathematics for computer science and engineering. It emphasizes mathematical definitions and proofs as well as applicable methods. Topics include formal logic notation, proof methods; induction, well-ordering; sets, relations; elementary graph theory; integer congruences; asymptotic notation and growth of functions; permutations and combinations, counting principles; discrete probability. Further selected topics may also be covered, such as recursive definition and structural induction; state machines and invariants; recurrences; generating functions.
This book provides a superb introduction to and overview of the MIT PI System for custom VLSI placement and routing. Alan Sher man has done an excellent job of collecting and clearly presenting material that was previously available only in various theses, confer ence papers, and memoranda. He has provided here a balanced and comprehensive presentation of the key ideas and techniques used in PI, discussing part of his own Ph. D. work (primarily on the place ment problem) in the context of the overall design of PI and the contributions of the many other PI team members. I began the PI Project in 1981 after learning first-hand how dif ficult it is to manually place modules and route interconne...
This volume contains revised versions of the 23 regular papers presented at the First International Workshop on Parallel Computer Routing and Communication (PCRCW '94), held in Seattle, Washington in May 1994. Routing for parallel computer communication has recently experienced almost explosive activity: ever increasing processor speeds are placing greater demands on interprocessor communication, while technological advances offer new capabilities to respond to those demands. The contributions from industry and academia cover all areas, from details of hardware design to proofs of theoretical results. There are also many papers dealing with the performance of various adaptive routing schemes, new network topologies, network interfaces, and fault-tolerant issues.
The PASA Workshops aim to build a bridge between theory and practice in the area of parallel systems and algorithms. Practical problems which require theoretical investigations as well as the applicability of theoretical approaches and results to practice are discussed. A particularly important aspect is the communication and exchange of experiences between various groups working in various areas of parallel computing, e.g. computer science, electrical engineering, physics and mathematics.This volume discusses many aspects of parallel computing from a theoretical as well as a practice-oriented point of view. It shows that there are a number of promising approaches for the application of formal methods to the solution of practical problems in the area of parallel systems and algorithms.
No Better Time tells of a young, driven mathematical genius who wrote a set of algorithms that would create a faster, better Internet. It's the story of a beautiful friendship between a loud, irreverent student and his soft-spoken MIT professor, of a husband and father who spent years struggling to make ends meet only to become a billionaire almost overnight with the success of Akamai Technologies, the Internet content delivery network he cofounded with his mentor. Danny Lewin's brilliant but brief life is largely unknown because, until now, those closest to him have guarded their memories and quietly mourned their loss. For Lewin was almost certainly the first victim of 9/11, stabbed to death at age 31 while trying to overpower the terrorists who would eventually fly American Flight 11 into the World Trade Center. But ironically it was 9/11 that proved the ultimate test for Lewin's vision—while phone communication failed and web traffic surged as never before, the critical news and government sites that relied on Akamai—and the technology pioneered by Danny Lewin—remained up and running.
A Positron Named Priscilla is a book of wonder, offering a fascinating, readable overview of cutting-edge investigations by many of today's leading young scientists. Written for anyone who loves science, this volume reports on some of the most exciting recent discoveries and advances in fields from astronomy to molecular biology. This new book is from one of the world's most prestigious scientific institutions, the National Academy of Sciences. The Academy provides an annual forum for the brightest young investigators to exchange ideas across disciplines--an exchange that was the spark for A Positron Named Priscilla. Each chapter is authored by a popular science writer who offers helpful his...
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Algorithms and Data Structures, WADS 2001, held in Providence, RI, USA in August 2001. The 40 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 89 submissions. Among the topics addressed are multiobjective optimization, computational graph theory, approximation, optimization, combinatorics, scheduling, Varanoi diagrams, packings, multi-party computation, polygons, searching, etc.