In this study, the author constructs a systematic statistical framework for studying the environment and technology, the economy and society, and performs a series of analyses of the impact of human activities on the environment. The many topics analyzed include: energy consumption, resource use, water and air pollution, technology, recycling, and pollution prevention. From the theoretical perspective, Environmental Options: Accounting for Sustainability provides not only a model at the global level, but also at the level of individual industries, and for various social groups. Of equal significance, the framework also allows international linkages to be examined. The proposed framework will serve as a common yardstick in formulating environment policy in both developed and less developed countries, setting the standard for further international cooperation.
This volume, available for the first time in paperback, is a standard work on the physical aspects of acoustics. Starting from first principles, the authors have successfully produced a unified and thorough treatment of the subjects of generation, propagation, absorption, reflection, and scattering of compressional waves in fluids, progressing to such topics as moving sound sources, turbulence, and wave-induced vibration of structures. Material is included on viscous and thermal effects, on the acoustics of moving media, on plasma acoustics, on nonlinear effects, and on the interaction between light and sound. Problems, with answers in many cases, are given at the end of each chapter. They contain extensions to further applications, thus enhancing the reference value of the book. Many of the examples worked out in the text and in the problem solutions were not previously published. Anyone familiar with calculus and vector analysis should be able to understand the mathematical techniques used here.
Written by a noted authority in the subject area, this book is a comprehensive study of the theory and practical application of noise reduction to numerous fields. It may be used as a reference by scientists and engineers or in a senior-undergraduate or graduate-level course. The first six chapters deal with the basic mechanisms of sound absorption by which acoustic energy is converted into heat in viscous and thermal boundaries in a sound field. The second part covers duct attenuators with a discussion of how their performance is described and measured. The main part of each chapter is planned to be descriptive, and contains numerical results that should be of direct interest for design work. Mathematical analysis is placed at the end of the chapters.
This work presents an in-depth analysis of text- and speaker-based meaning of non-canonical word order in English and ways to preserve this in English-German translation. Among the sentence structures under discussion are subject-verb inversion, Left Dislocation, Topicalization as well as wh-cleft and it -cleft sentences. Various approaches to the description and analysis of the meaning potential of these structures are presented and discussed, among them theories of grammaticalization, subjectivity, empathy and information structure. English as a rigid word order language has quite different means of creating meaning by syntactic variation than a free word order language like German. Contra...