The public health risks posed by automotive particulate emissions are well known. Such particles are sufficiently small to reach the deepest regions of the lungs; and moreover act as carriers for many potentially toxic substances. Historically, diesel engines have been singled out in this regard, but recent research shows the need to consider particulate emissions from gasoline engines as well. Already implicated in more than one respiratory disease, the strongest evidence in recent times points to particle-mediated cardiovascular disorders (strokes and heart attacks). Accordingly, legislation limiting particulate emissions is becoming increasingly stringent, placing great pressure on the au...
Many nations are still falling short of air quality goals, and consequently their governments are enacting tougher emissions legislation. This book reviews the major technical issues involved in meeting this legislation by after-treatment.
All tailpipes emit a wide variety of liquid- and solid-phase particles. They are omnipresent; but being small and in trace quantities, they are usually emitted unseen - we become aware of them only through the visible testimony of smoke. Particulate emissions engender serious ramifications for public health, amenity and the wider environment. Historically it is diesel engines that have been singled out for stricture, but today this makes less sense, as their particulate emissions are now approaching parity with gasoline engines. For 30 years, the legal requirement has been solely to reduce the total mass of particles emitted, but mass as a toxological indicator is being increasingly questioned, with other metrics proposed, such as: particle size, number and composition. This shift of perspective has far-reaching repercussions for the automotive industry, because new ways of characterising and controlling emissions of particulate will have to be sought. This book aims to distil all the available informatiion into a single treatise.
This book provides an introduction to 24 iconic figures, real and fictional, that have shaped the detective/mystery genre of popular literature. • Parallel chronologies placing each of the book's 24 subjects in their historical/cultural context • Individual selected bibliographies for each of the 24 figures plus a selected general bibliography of critical sources treating the genre
This book focuses on various aspects related to air pollution, including major sources of air pollution, measurement techniques, modeling studies and solution approaches to control. The book also presents case studies on measuring air pollution in major urban areas, such as Delhi, India. The book examines vehicles as a source of air pollution and addresses the quantitative analysis of engine exhaust emissions. Subsequent chapters discuss particulate matter from engines and coal-fired power plants as a major pollutant, as well as emission control techniques using various after treatment systems. The book’s final chapter considers future perspectives and a way forward for sustainable development. It also discusses several emission control techniques that will gain relevance in the future, when stricter emission norms will be enforced for international combustion (IC) engines as well as power plants. Given its breadth of coverage, the book will benefit a wide variety of readers, including researchers, professionals, and policymakers.
Drawing on a rich selection of private papers and hours of interviews with Deedes and his contemporaries, Stephen Robinson charts brilliantly the depths and shallows of the life of the man who inspired Evelyn Waugh's hapless reporter William Boot in Scoop and was the recipient of Private Eye's famous Dear Bill letters. Deedes was also a husband and father of five and Robinson explores the rumour and reality with equal measure to reveal the true character of one of the most extraordinary men to have graced the pages of the British national press.
All the Anxious Girls on Earth marks the debut of a startingly original literary voice. Zsuzsi Gartner's exuberant prose gives voice to unforgettable characters who survive by their wits as they cope with indifferent relationships, lackluster jobs, and the myriad curve-balls life throws their way. A woman calls in fake bomb threats from the nineteenth floor of a bank tower as revenge against her ex-lover. The mother of a girl killed by a teenage urban guerilla thrives spectacularly in her industrious grief, transforming herself into a forgiveness guru and talk-show host. Lured into the wilderness by her desire for a man who rebuilds vintage airplanes, a young woman finds she lusts more for biscotti and city sidewalks. A small, heroic child makes a guileless request for pajamas and creates a psychic storm at the center of her anxious, achievement-mad parents' lives. Rendered in a jittery, jazzed-up prose that has been compared to that of Lorrie Moore and Mary Flanagan, these stories brilliantly capture the pathos, beauty, and alienation of contemporary life and signal the arrival of a writer to watch. From the Trade Paperback edition.