Computers and the Internet gave rise to the emergence of computer-mediated communication (CMC). The Influence of Computers, the Internet and Computer-Mediated Communication on Everyday English focuses on the use of English in connection with computers and the Internet and on its influences on everyday English by analysing the dispersal of new meanings of words, neologisms, features of CMC and new metaphors. The intention is to show the computer- and Internet-related impact on the English language from several perspectives and to take several ways into consideration in which the Internet and CMC are changing language use and to evaluate this influence -- at least as far as this is possible.
Stefan Larsson's Conceptions in the Code makes a significant contribution to sociolegal analysis, representing a valuable contribution to conceptual metaphor theory. By utilising the case of copyright in a digital context it explains the role that metaphor plays when the law is dealing with technological change, displaying both conceptual path-dependence as well as what is called non-legislative developments in the law. The overall analysis draws from conceptual studies of "property" in intellectual property. By using Karl Renner's account of property, Larsson demonstrates how the property regime of copyright is the projection of an older regime of control onto a new set of digital social re...
This book covers anaphora resolution for the English language from a linguistic and computational point of view. First, a definition of anaphors that applies to linguistics as well as information technology is given. On this foundation, all types of anaphors and their characteristics for English are outlined. To examine how frequent each type of anaphor is, a corpus of different hypertexts has been established and analysed with regard to anaphors. The most frequent type are non-finite clause anaphors - a type which has never been investigated so far. Therefore, the potential of non-finite clause anaphors are further explored with respect to anaphora resolution. After presenting the fundamentals of computational anaphora resolution and its application in text retrieval, rules for resolving non-finite clause anaphors are established. Therefore, this book shows that a truly interdisciplinary approach can achieve results which would not have been possible otherwise.
Jieun Kiaer puts forward an argument in this book that the grammar of a language directly underpins the processing of the language, in real time. This is a view that runs against the orthodoxy of linguistic theorizing for the last 50 years, which has insisted that languages have to be characterized in terms that make little or no reference to the dynamics of language use. This orthodox view fails to fit languages in which the verb has to be at the end of the clause - which encompasses more than half of the world's languages. Thus, as this book shows, these languages remain very problematic for conventional theories. Using a mixture of corpus methods, sentence structure analysis, prosody and psycholinguistic theory, Kiaer redresses this imbalance. The data features both Korean and English example and it functions as one of the very first general introductions to Dynamic Syntax available.
On social media platforms - such as Facebook and Twitter, message boards, blogs, and commentaries - users interact as if they know each other personally. Malicious verbal behavior is found next to clapping and kissing emoticons, both indicative of users' relational work strategies. This book contains 17 papers that examine 'face work' in social media - theoretical reflections, as well as corpus-based studies - thus opening the way to rethink linguistic pragmatics in computer-mediated communication. (Series: Hildesheimer Contributions to Media Research / Hildesheimer Beitrage zur Medienforschung - Vol. 2) [Subject: Sociology, Media Studies, Communication, Computer Technology]
Corpus Linguistics in Literary Analysis provides a theoretical introduction to corpus stylistics and also demonstrates its application by presenting corpus stylistic analyses of literary texts and corpora. The first part of the book addresses theoretical issues such as the relationship between subjectivity and objectivity in corpus linguistic analyses, criteria for the evaluation of results from corpus linguistic analyses and also discusses units of meaning in language. The second part of the book takes this theory and applies it to Northanger Abbey by Jane Austen and to two corpora consisting of 1) Austen's six novels and 2) texts that are contemporary with Austen. The analyses demonstrate the impact of various features of text on literary meanings and how corpus tools can extract new critical angles. This book will be a key read for upper level undergraduates and postgraduates working in corpus linguistics and in stylistics on linguistics and language studies courses.
This specially commissioned volume considers the processes involved in language change and the issues of how they can be modelled and studied. The way languages change offers an insight into the nature of language itself, its internal organisation, and how it is acquired and used. Accordingly, the phenomenon of language change has been approached from a variety of perspectives by linguists of many different orientations. This book, originally published in 2003, brings together an international team of leading figures from different areas of linguistics to re-examine some of the central issues in this field and also to discuss new proposals. The volume is arranged into sections, including grammaticalisation, the typological perspective, the social context of language change and contact-based explanations. It seeks to cover the subject as a whole, bearing in mind its relevance for the general analysis of language, and will appeal to a broad international readership.
We are living through the consequences of a linguistic revolution. Dramatic linguistic change has left us at the beginning of a new era in the evolution of human language, with repercussions for many individual languages. In this book, David Crystal, one of the world’s authorities on language, brings together for the first time the three major trends which he argues have fundamentally altered the world’s linguistic ecology: first, the emergence of English as the world’s first truly global language; second, the crisis facing huge numbers of languages which are currently endangered or dying; and, third, the radical effect on language of the arrival of Internet technology. Examining the interrelationships between these topics, Crystal encounters a vision of a linguistic future which is radically different from what has existed in the past, and which will make us revise many cherished concepts relating to the way we think about and work with languages. Everyone is affected by this linguistic revolution. The Language Revolution will be essential reading for anyone interested in language and communication in the twenty-first century.
East African Literature: Essays on Written and Oral Traditions is a wide-ranging collection of essays by seasoned and younger literary critics based in universities across the eastern region of Africa. The contributors offer illuminating criticism on issues of gender, sexuality, historiography, stylistics and narratology in representative works by writers such as: Ngugi, Okot p'Bitek, Julius Ocwinyo, Goretti Kyomuhendo, Ebrahim Hussein, Ben Mtobwa, M. G. Vassanji, Elieshi Lema, Rebeka Njau, Kyallo Wadi Wamitila, Ken Walibora, Katini Mwachofi, Margaret Ogola, Jared Angira, Tsegaye Gebre-Medhin, Dagniachew Worku and Nuruddin Farah. Transcribed works by popular oral artists working in major ver...